Ilaria Capua graduated in veterinary medicine at the University of Perugia, obtained a specialization at the University of Pisa and obtained a Phd at the University of Padua. He has devoted much of his professional career to virology, deepening specific topics in several laboratories abroad. During her career as a virologist she focused on viral infections of animals that can be transmitted to humans and that increase the risk of poverty and food security.
In 2006, it gave rise to a heated international debate on the interdisciplinary sharing of genetic data in the face of the epidemic threat caused by the “avian” H5N1 virus using free-access digital platforms. This stance has led to a change in the policy of international organisations on data transparency, with the result that strategies to address global threats such as pandemics have been optimised. In 2007 she received the Scientific American 50 Award and in 2008 was included among the “Revolutionary Minds” by the American magazine Seed for her leadership role in science politics.
In 2011 she was the first woman to win the Penn Vet World Leadership Award, the most prestigious award in veterinary medicine.
From 2013 to 2016 she was vice president of the Science, Culture and Education Committee at the Chamber of Deputies. During her term of office she was overwhelmed by a judicial investigation that proved unfounded because “the fact does not exist”: after being acquitted she resigned as a parliamentarian and moved to the United States with her family.
Today he heads the Center of Excellence One Health of the University of Florida, which promotes the advancement of health as an integrated system through interdisciplinary approaches: from this experience was born the concept of “Circular Health” which sees health as an integrated system which includes, in addition to human health, plant health, animal health and the environment.
Since 1993 he has published over 220 articles in international journals and scientific texts.